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Clinical Reports

Guidance for the clinician in rendering pediatric care.
Michelle M. Hughes, PhD; Elise T. Pas, PhD; Maureen S. Durkin, PhD, DrPH; Leann S. DaWalt, PhD; Deborah A. Bilder, MD; Amanda V. Bakian, PhD; Esther Amoakohene, MPH; Kelly A. Shaw, PhD; Mary E. Patrick, MPH; Angelica Salinas, MS; Monica DiRienzo, MA; Maya Lopez, MD; Susan Williams, AAS; Dedria McArthur, MPH; Allison Hudson, BS; Christine M. Ladd-Acosta, PhD; Yvette D. Schwenk, MS; Thaer M. Baroud, MHSA; Ashley Robinson Williams, PhD; Anita Washington, MPH; Matthew J. Maenner, PhD
Leela Sarathy, MD; Joseph H. Chou, MD, PhD; Giuseppina Romano-Clarke, MD; Katherine A. Darci, MD; Paul H. Lerou, MD
Natalie D. Muth, MD, RDN, MPH, FAAP, FACSM; Christopher Bolling, MD, FAAP; Tamara Hannon, MD, MS, FAAP; Mona Sharifi, MD, MPH, FAAP; SECTION ON OBESITY; Sarah C. Armstrong, MD, FAAP; Sarah E. Barlow, MD, FAAP; Claudia Fox, MD, MPH, FAAP; Jennifer Ann Groos, MD, FAAP; Matthew Allen Haemer, MD, MPH, FAAP; Fatima Cody Stanford, MD, MPH, MBA, MPA, FAAP; Joani Lea Jack, MD, FAAP; Andrew Alan Bremer, MD, PhD; Kirk Reichard, MD, FAAP; Mala Thapar, MPH; Stephanie Womack, MA; COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION; Mark Richard Corkins, MD, FAAP; Cynthia Liudmilla Blanco, MD; George Joseph Fuchs, III, MD, FAAP; Ellen S. Rome, MD, MPH, FAAP; Praveen Sundaraj Goday, MD, FAAP; Tamara S. Hannon, MD, FAAP; Amy Lynn Peterson, MD, MS, FAAP; Andrew Alan Bremer, MD, PhD; Cheryl Funanich; Andrea Lotze, MD; Heather Hamner, PhD, MS, MPH; Cria Perrine, PhD; Ana Sant’Anna, MD; Debra Burrowes, MHA; Pia Daniels, MPH, PMP; Madeline Curtis, JD; Tamar Haro
Sean T. O’Leary, MD, MPH, FAAP; Douglas J. Opel, MD, MPH; Jessica R. Cataldi, MD, FAAP; Jesse M. Hackell, MD, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES; Sean T. O’Leary, MD, MPH, FAAP; James D. Campbell, MD, MS, FAAP; Monica I. Ardura, DO, MSCS, FAAP; Ritu Banerjee, MD, PhD, FAAP; Kristina A. Bryant, MD, FAAP; Mary T. Caserta, MD, FAAP; Robert Frenck, Jr, MD, FAAP; Jeffrey S. Gerber, MD, PhD, FAAP; Chandy C. John, MD, MS, FAAP; Athena P. Kourtis, MD, PhD, MPH, FAAP; Angela Myers, MD, MPH, FAAP; Pia Pannaraj, MD, MPH, FAAP; Adam J. Ratner, MD, MPH, FAAP; Samir S. Shah, MD, MSCE, FAAP; David W. Kimberlin, MD, FAAP; Elizabeth D. Barnett, MD, FAAP; Ruth Lynfield, MD, FAAP; Mark H. Sawyer, MD, FAAP; Henry H. Bernstein, DO, MHCM, FAAP; Cristina Cardemil, MD, MPH, FAAP; Karen M. Farizo, MD; Lisa M. Kafer, MD, FAAP; David Kim, MD; Eduardo López Medina, MD, MSc; Denee Moore, MD, FAAFP; Lakshmi Panagiotakopoulos, MD, MPH; José R. Romero, MD, FAAP; Laura Sauvé, MD, MPH, FAAP, FRCPS; Jeffrey R. Starke, MD, FAAP; Jennifer Thompson, MD; Melinda Wharton, MD, MPH; Charles R. Woods, Jr, MD, MS, FAAP; Jennifer M. Frantz, MPH; Gillian Gibbs, MPH; COMMITTEE ON PRACTICE AND AMBULATORY MEDICINE; Jesse M. Hackell, MD, FAAP; Yvette Marie Almendarez, MD, FAAP; Abeba Mebrahtu Berhane, MD, FAAP; Patricia E. Cantrell, MD, FAAP; Lisa Michele Kafer, MD, FAAP; Tomitra Latimer, MD, FAAP; Robin Warner, MD, FAAP; Robert H. Wiskind, MD, FAAP; Katherine Schafer, DO, FAAP; Alisa Skatrud; Mackenzie A. Magnus, MBA, MPH; COMMITTEE ON BIOETHICS; Naomi Tricot Laventhal, MD, FAAP; Gina Marie Geis, MD, FAAP; Deborah Susan Loeff, MD, FAAP; Kelly Michelson, MD, MPH, FAAP; Mary Ott, MD, MA, FAAP; Nanette Elster, JD, MPH; Douglas S. Diekema, MD, MPH, FAAP; Kavita Arora, MD, MBE, MS; Maria McGee, MD, MPH; Anjie Emanuel, MPH
Joel S. Brenner, MD, MPH, FAAP; Andrew Watson, MD, MS, FAAP; COUNCIL ON SPORTS MEDICINE AND FITNESS; Margaret Alison Brooks, MD, FAAP; Rebecca L. Carl, MD, MS, FAAP; Susannah M. Briskin, MD, FAAP; Greg Canty, MD, MS, FAAP; Steven Cuff, MD, FAAP; Nicholas M. Edwards, MD, MPH, FAAP; Sarah Kinsella, MD, FAAP; Pamela J. Lang, MD, FAAP; Christina Lin Master, MD, FAAP; Shane Michael Miller, MD, FAAP; Andrew Peterson, MD, FAAP; Francisco Jose Silva, MD, FAAP; Paul Stricker, MD, FAAP; Kevin D. Walter, MD, FAAP; Avery Faigenbaum, EdD, FACSM, FNSCA; Alex Benjamin Diamond, DO, MPH, FAAP; Patrice C. Elder; Anjie Emanuel, MPH
Margarida Mascarenhas, MD, MMSc; Elisha M. Wachman, MD; Iyra Chandra, BS; Rachel Xue, BA; Leela Sarathy, MD; Davida M. Schiff, MD, MSc
Rebecca E. Rosenberg, MD, MPH, FAAP; David M. Pressel, MD, PhD, FAAP; David I. Rappaport, MD, FAAP; Joshua M. Abzug, MD, FAAP; SECTION ON HOSPITAL MEDICINE; Geeta Singhal, MD, MEd, FAAP; Rachel Marek, MD, FAAP; Jessica Allan, MD, FAAP; Zoey Goore, MD, MPH, FAAP; Laura Nell Hodo, MD, FAAP; Dimple Khona, MD, MBA, ABOIM, IFMCP, FAAP; Tony Tarchichi, MD, FAAP; H. Barrett Fromme, MD, MHPE, FAAP; Jorge Ganem, MD, FAAP; Eleanor Sharp, MD, FAAP; S. Niccole Alexander, MPP
Katherine Bailey, MSc; Julia Avolio, BHSc, MBDC; Lisha Lo, MPH; Amy Gajaria, MD; Sarah Mooney; Katelyn Greer; Heather Martens; Perrine Tami, MD; Jacklynn Pidduck, MSW; Jessie Cunningham, MI; Sarah Munce, PhD; Alene Toulany, MD, MSc
Liwei L. Hua, MD, PhD; Janet Lee, MD, FAAP; Maria H. Rahmandar, MD, FAAP; Eric J. Sigel, MD, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON ADOLESCENCE; COUNCIL ON INJURY, VIOLENCE, AND POISON PREVENTION
Steven A. Abrams, MD, FAAP; Jaclyn Lewis Albin, MD, FAAP; Philip J. Landrigan, MD, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION; Mark R. Corkins, MD, FAAP; Cynthia L. Blanco, MD, FAAP; George J. Fuchs, MD, FAAP; Praveen S. Godoy, MD, FAAP; Tamara S. Hannon, MD, FAAP; C. Wesley Lindsey, MD, FAAP; Ellen S. Rome, MD, MPH, FAAP; Andrew Bremer, MD, PhD, FAAP; Andrea Lots, MD, FAAP; Coria Perrine, PhD; Ana Sant’Anna, MD; Cheryl Funanich, MEd, RD, LD; Debra L. Burrowes, MHA; COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND CLIMATE CHANGE; Aparna Bole, MD, FAAP; Sophie J. Balk, MD, FAAP; Lori G. Byron, MD, FAAP; Gredia Maria Huerta-Montañez, MD, FAAP; Philip J. Landrigan, MD, FAAP; Steven M. Marcus, MD, FAAP; Abby L. Nerlinger, MD, FAAP; Lisa H. Patel, MD, FAAP; Rebecca Philipsborn, MD, FAAP; Alan D. Woolf, MD, MPH, FAAP; Lauren Zajac, MD, MHP, FAAP; Kimberly A. Gray, PhD; Jeanne Briskin; Nathaniel G. DeNicola, MD, MSc; Matt Karwowski, MD, MPH, FAAP; Mary H. Ward, PhD; Paul Spire
Tracey M. DaFonte, MD; Francesco Valitutti, MD, PhD; Victoria Kenyon, BA, MHA; Joseph J. Locascio, PhD; Monica Montuori, MD, PhD; Ruggiero Francavilla, MD, PhD; Tiziana Passaro, MD; Marco Crocco, MD, PhD; Lorenzo Norsa, MD, PhD; Pasqua Piemontese, MD; Mariella Baldassarre, MD, PhD; Alessio Fasano, MD; Maureen M. Leonard, MD, MMSc; CD-GEMM Study Group
Mark E. Halstead, MD, FAAP
Meaghann S. Weaver, MD, PhD, MPH, FAAP; Arwa Nasir, MBBS, MSc, MPH, FAAP; Blyth T. Lord, EdM; Amy Starin, PhD, LCSW; Jennifer S. Linebarger, MD, MPH, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF CHILD AND FAMILY HEALTH; Arwa Abdulhaq Nasir, MBBS, MSc, MPH, FAAP; Evelyn Berger-Jenkins, MD, FAAP; Beth Ellen Davis, MD, MPH, FAAP; Paul H. Dworkin, MD, FAAP; Tiffani Jenae Johnson, MD, FAAP; Irene P. Mathieu, MD, FAAP; Natasha Kapoor Sriraman, MD, MPH, FABM, FAAP; Kathleen Hobson Davis; Anne Debattista; Heather Fraser; Abigail Boden Schlesinger, MD; Zoe H. Warczak, MD; Robyn Wheatley, MPH; Tamar Magarik Haro; Omonigho Ufomata; SECTION ON HOSPICE AND PALLIATIVE MEDICINE; Jeffrey C. Klick, MD, FAAP; Renee Denise Boss, MD, FAAP; Christopher Alexander Collura, MD, FAAP; Khaliah Johnson, MD, FAAP; Elissa Miller, MD, FAAP; Conrad S.P. Williams, MD, FAAP; Jennifer Suzanne Linebarger, MD, MPH, FAAP; Lisa Michelle Humphrey, MD, FAAP; Tolúwalàsé Ajayi, MD, FAAP; Anna Laughman, MD; Blyth Lord; Alexandra Kuznetsov; Tamar Magarik Haro
Maria Oliva-Hemker, MD, FAAP; Stacy A. Kahn, MD, FAAP; William J. Steinbach, MD, FAAP; SECTION ON GASTROENTEROLOY, HEPATOLOGY, AND NUTRITION; Mitchell B. Cohen, MD, FAAP; David Brumbaugh, MD, FAAP; Conrad Cole, MD, FAAP; Jennifer L. Dotson, MD, FAAP; Sanjiv Harpavat, MD, PhD, FAAP; Jenifer R. Lightdale, MD, FAAP; Daniel Mallon, MD, FAAP; Maria M. Oliva-Hemker, MD, FAAP; Debra L. Burrowes, MHA; COMMITTEE ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES; Yvonne A. Maldonado, MD, FAAP; Sean T. O’Leary, MD, MPH, FAAP; Monica I. Ardura, DO, MSCS, FAAP; Ritu Banerjee, MD, PhD, FAAP; Kristina A. Bryant, MD, FAAP; James D. Campbell, MD, MS, FAAP; Mary T. Caserta, MD, FAAP; Chandy C. John, MD, MS, FAAP; Jeffrey S. Gerber, MD, PhD, FAAP; Athena P. Kourtis, MD, PhD, MPH, FAAP; Adam J. Ratner, MD, MPH, FAAP; José R. Romero, MD, FAAP; Samir S. Shah, MD, MSCE, FAAP; Kenneth M. Zangwill, MD, FAAP; William J. Steinbach, MD, FAAP; David W. Kimberlin, MD, FAAP; Elizabeth D. Barnett, MD, FAAP; Ruth Lynfield, MD, FAAP; Mark H. Sawyer, MD, FAAP; Henry H. Bernstein, DO, MHCM, FAAP; Amanda C. Cohn, MD, FAAP; Karen M. Farizo, MD; Lisa M. Kafer, MD, FAAP; David Kim, MD; Eduardo López Medina, MD, MSc; Denee Moore, MD, FAAFP; Lakshmi Panagiotakopoulos, MD, MPH, FAAP; Laura Sauvé, MD, FCPS; Neil S. Silverman, MD; Jeffrey R. Starke, MD, FAAP; Kay M. Tomashek, MD, MPH, DTM; Jennifer M. Frantz, MPH
Robert H. Rosen, MD; Alexandra Epee-Bounya, MD; Dorothy Curran, MD; Sarita Chung, MD; Robert Hoffmann, MD; Lois K. Lee, MD, MPH; Carolyn Marcus, MD; Camila M. Mateo, MD, MPH; Jason E. Miller, BS; Cameron Nereim, MD; Elizabeth Silberholz, MD, MPH; Snehal N. Shah, MD, MPH; Christina V. Theodoris, MD, PhD; Hanna Wardell, MD, MPH; Ariel S. Winn, MD; Sara Toomey, MD, MPhil, MPH, MSc; Jonathan A. Finkelstein, MD, MPH; Valerie L. Ward, MD, MPH; Amy Starmer, MD, MPH; BOSTON CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL RACE, ETHNICITY, AND ANCESTRY IN CLINICAL PATHWAYS WORKING GROUP
P. Gail Williams, MD, FAAP; Michael Yogman, MD, FAAP; COUNCIL ON EARLY CHILDHOOD; Jill Sells, MD, FAAP; Sherri Alderman, MD, FAAP; Nerissa Bauer, MD, FAAP; Andrew Hashikawa, MD, FAAP; James Guevara, MD, FAAP; Dipesh Navsaria, MPH, MSLIS, MD, FAAP; Bergen Nelson, MD, FAAP; Georgina Peacock, MD, FAAP; Amy Shriver, MD, FAAP; Jennifer Takagishi, MD, FAAP; Douglas Vanderbilt, MD, FAAP; Katiana Garagozlo, MD; Ami Gadhia; Dina Lieser, MD, FAAP; Lucy Recio; Florence Rivera, MPH, CAE; COMMITTEE ON PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF CHILD AND FAMILY HEALTH; Arthur Lavin, MD, FAAP; George LaMonte Askew, MD, FAAP; Nerissa S. Bauer, MD, MPH; Evelyn Berger-Jenkins, MD, FAAP; Thresia B. Gambon, MD, MBA, MPH, FAAP; Tiffani Jenae Johnson, MD, FAAP; Douglas P. Jutte, MD, MPH, FAAP; Arwa Abdulhaq Nasir, MBBS, MSc, MPH, FAAP; Rachel Shana Segal, MD, FAAP; Lawrence S. Wissow, MD, MPH, FAAP; Rebecca A. Baum, MD; Sharon Berry, PhD, LP; Edward R. Christophersen, PhD, FAAP; Kathleen Hobson Davis; Norah L. Johnson, PhD, RN, CPNP-BC; Abigail Boden Schlesinger, MD; Amy Starin, PhD, LCSW; Carolyn McCarty, PhD; Robyn Wheatley, MPH
George J. Fuchs, III, MD, FAAP; Steven A. Abrams, MD, FAAP; A. Adjowa Amevor, MD, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION; Mark R. Corkins, MD, FAAP; Cynthia L. Blanco, MD, FAAP; George J. Fuchs, III, MD, FAAP; Praveen S. Goday, MD, FAAP; Tamara S. Hannon, MD, FAAP; C. Wesley Lindsey, MD, FAAP; Ellen S. Rome, MD, MPH, FAAP; Andrew Bremer, MD, PhD, FAAP; Andrea Lotze, MD, FAAP; Cria Perrine, PhD; Ana Sant’Anna, MD; Cheryl Funanich, MEd, RD, LD; Debra L. Burrowes, MHA
Sara Taub, MD, FAAP; Robert Macauley, MD, MDiv, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON BIOETHICS; Robert Macauley, MD, MDiv, FAAP; Ratna Basak, MD, FAAP; Gina Marie Geis, MD, FAAP; Naomi Tricot Laventhal, MD, FAAP; Douglas J. Opel, MD, MPH, FAAP; Mindy B. Statter, MD, FAAP; Mary Lynn Dell, MD, DMin; Douglas S. Diekema, MD, MPH, FAAP; David Shalowitz, MD; Nanette Elster, JD, MPH; Florence Rivera, MPH; Anjie Emanuel, MPH
Anna Neyman, MD, FAAP; Tamara S. Hannon, MD, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION; Mark R. Corkins, MD, FAAP; Cynthia L. Blanco, MD, FAAP; George J. Fuchs, III, MD, FAAP; Praveen S. Goday, MD, FAAP; Tamara S. Hannon, MD, FAAP; C. Wesley Lindsey, MD, FAAP; Ellen S. Rome, MD, MPH, FAAP; Andrew Bremer, MD, PhD, FAAP; Andrea Lotze, MD, FAAP; Cria Perrine, PhD; Ana Sant’Anna, MD; Cheryl Funanich, MEd, RD, LD; Debra L. Burrowes, MHA
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